A short historical past of the Rugby World Cup

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The primary World Cup in 1987 introduced 16 groups collectively from throughout the globe, with each continent represented, in a completely unprecedented pageant of worldwide rugby in what was nonetheless, technically, the beginner period with its four-point tries.

Principal hosts New Zealand have been assisted by Australia. South Africa couldn’t take part attributable to its political scenario. It was nonetheless a convincing success. No crew was disgraced.

New Zealand registered the best rating, 74-13 v Fiji, and margin, 70-6 v Italy. Highlights included Richard Tsimba’s brace for Zimbabwe in a 20-21 loss to Romania, America’s hard-fought win over Japan and Fiji’s shock thumping of Hugo Porta’s Argentina. Regardless of shedding to Italy, Fiji received by way of to the quarter-finals.

The semi-finals have been memorable for Serge Blanco’s late winner for France over Australia in Sydney and New Zealand’s report 49-6 thumping of Wales. New Zealand have been irrepressible all through the event, and duly received the ultimate, 29-9.

The second World Cup in 1991 was hosted by Britain, France and Eire. There was just one debutant, Samoa, who supplanted Tonga, and it was the Samoans who would set this event on hearth, beautiful Wales and thumping Argentina to succeed in the quarter-finals on the expense of each.

Equally spectacular have been Canada, who overcame Fiji and Romania to e book their place within the final eight towards New Zealand.

Different memorable performances included Japan’s 52-Eight demolition of Zimbabwe, Romania’s upset win over Fiji and Italy’s a lot improved effort towards New Zealand in shedding 21-31.

Australia wanted a final minute strive from Michael Lynagh to edge Eire within the quarter-finals, however David Campese magic noticed them eradicate hitherto unbeaten New Zealand within the semi-finals. Australia beat England 12-6 within the remaining.

David Campese of the Wallabies in action during a Rugby Union test match between Wales and the Australian Wallabies at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, Wales. Australia won 28-9.

David Campese of the Wallabies (Picture by Getty Photos)

The third World Cup in 1995 was hosted solely by South Africa, the place Apartheid was over. In got here South Africa, Tonga and Ivory Coast, out went Fiji, Zimbabwe and the US.

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Tries had been elevated to 5 factors. South Africa beat Australia on debut and Samoa once more reached the quarter-finals with wins over Argentina and Italy. However the early levels have been memorable principally for Jonah Lomu’s storming runs on the wing for New Zealand, scoring 4 tries and creating much more.

Even with out Lomu, New Zealand racked up the the occasion’s first ton, 145-17 v Japan with Marc Ellis working in six tries.

Wales have been once more eradicated, whereas Ivory Coast had an sad time, shedding Zero-89 to Scotland on debut, earlier than actual tragedy struck when winger Max Brito was paralysed through the loss to Tonga.

England flyhalf Rob Andrew was knighted after his successful drop-goal towards Australia within the quarter-finals. However England have been then taken aside by Lomu, who charged throughout for 4 tries within the semi-finals.

South Africa held on towards France in torrential rain within the different semifinal. In an enthralling finale, although one which was devoid of tries, Joel Stransky kicked the successful drop-goal for the hosts deep into additional time. President Nelson Mandela was readily available to award the trophy to his countrymen.

Nelson Mandela

South Arican President Nelson Mandela, left, cheers as Springbok Rugby captain Francois Pienaar holds the trophy excessive

The fourth World Cup in 1999, the primary of the skilled period, returned to Britain, France and Eire.

It was expanded to 20 groups, with 5 teams of 4 main to a few repechage playoffs for the quarter-finals. In got here Fiji, the US, Uruguay, Spain and Namibia, out went the Ivory Coast.

Samoa once more surprised Wales, although the hosts returned to the quarter-finals nonetheless. New Zealand and England registered tons v Italy and Tonga, respectively, whereas Italy’s distress on the eve of their Six Nations debut was compounded by defeat to Tonga.

England and Scotland eradicated Fiji and Samoa within the repechage playoffs, whereas Argentina held on towards Eire to succeed in the final eight for the primary time. Jannie De Beer kicked a report 5 drop-goals to assist South Africa thump England within the quarter-finals.

The semi-finals have been filled with drama, with Stephen Larkham’s drop-goal clinching victory for Australia deep into extra-time towards hitherto unbeaten South Africa, and France coming from behind to shock New Zealand 43-31, regardless of a Lomu brace.

Australia cruised to a 35-12 win over France within the remaining to turn into the primary two-time champion.

Rod MacQueen celebrates with John Eales after their series victory over the Lions Rod MacQueen celebrates with John Eales (Dave Rogers /Allsport)

The fifth World Cup in 2003, the primary of the brand new millennium, was held completely in Australia after New Zealand have been axed as co-hosts.

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The format was modified to 4 teams of 5, eradicating the repechage playoffs. The solitary debutant was Georgia, who’ve certified for each event since. Out went Spain.

The group levels have been predictable, with solely Fiji and Tonga threatening the established order in slim losses to Scotland and Wales, respectively.

The hosts, having put 90 factors on Romania, broke information with a 142-Zero annihilation of Namibia, and England received a ton v Uruguay. The one upset of the event was Australia’s 22-10 victory over perennial favourites New Zealand within the semi-finals.

In a riveting remaining, league converts Lote Tuqiri and Jason Robinson touched down for Australia and England, respectively, earlier than Jonny Wilkinson’s drop-goal deep into additional time noticed a northern hemisphere crew prevail for the primary and solely time.

The sixth World Cup in 2007 was staged in France with help from Wales and Scotland (the third time these three nations had been concerned as hosts).

In got here Portugal, out went Uruguay, giving Europe 9/20 groups. In distinction to the earlier version, there have been upsets aplenty, with Argentina beautiful France within the opener then comfortably eliminating Eire to high their group.

Fiji held on for a 38-34 win over Wales, who did not make the quarter-finals for the third time.

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Tonga pushed South Africa all the best way in a 25-30 loss, South Africa in flip demolished the defending champions 36-Zero, Georgia gave Eire an enormous fright – earlier than grabbing their first event win, 30-Zero v Namibia – New Zealand registered a ton towards Portugal, and Scotland scraped by way of towards Six Nations nemesis Italy.

The drama continued within the quarter-finals, with Argentina making the semi-finals for the primary time after a tense win over Scotland, and New Zealand failing to succeed in that stage for the primary and solely time after an 18-20 defeat to France.

A much-improved England overcame the hosts within the semi-finals however succumbed to South Africa in one other tryless remaining, a outcome which noticed the winners be part of Australia as two-time champions.

Jake White as Brumbies coach

Jake White coached the Springboks to the 2007 World Cup. (AAP Picture/Lukas Coch)

The seventh World Cup in 2011 was staged solely in NZ, although the nation’s second largest stadium was dominated out after a devastating earthquake had killed 185 individuals earlier that yr.

Once more there was just one debutant, Russia, supplanting Portugal. Tonga recorded an astonishing upset over France within the group levels, although France went by way of regardless, with Tonga lacking out attributable to a defeat by Canada.

Argentina returned to the final eight courtesy of a 13-12 win over Scotland, whereas Wales hammered a Fijian facet unable to convey its navy gamers owing to a political coup, 66-Zero.

The US beat Russia 13-6 in a battle of the previous Chilly Warfare foes, for its first win since 1987. Historical past repeated itself within the semi-finals, with the identical 4 groups lining up within the semi-finals as in 1987.

Wales got here agonisingly near their first remaining however have been pipped 9-Eight by France, a purple card to Sam Warburton not serving to their trigger. In a equally tense remaining the hosts held on for an Eight-7 win over luckless France to affix Australia and South Africa as two-time champions.

Sam Warburton

Sam Warburton’s purple card was not deserved. (AFP PHOTO / LOIC VENANCE)

The eighth World Cup in 2015 was once more staged in Britain; England as official hosts. The group levels have been notable for 2 outstanding outcomes. The primary got here when Japan surprised double champions South Africa with a last-minute strive for simply their second win on the event ever; the second when the host nation did not progress after losses to each Wales and Australia.

Japan additionally went on to beat Samoa and the US however defeat to Scotland noticed them miss out on the ultimate eight. The quarter-finals resulted in an unprecedented clear sweep for the southern hemisphere over their northern counterparts, New Zealand working riot towards France, South Africa and Australia edging Wales and Scotland, respectively, and Argentina returning to the semi-finals with an emphatic win over highly-rated Eire.

The All Blacks got their hardest work-out in a two-point win over the Springboks within the semi-finals however have been in management a lot of the method towards the Wallabies within the remaining, clinching a report third title with a 34-17 victory.

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