Do you know that Chromebooks have a built-in terminal? Referred to as Chrome OS Developer Shell—or Crosh for brief—it enables you to entry a command line interface which you should utilize to debug your machine, run assessments, or simply poke round for enjoyable.
At this time, we’re going to take a look at a number of terminal instructions that each one Chromebook customers ought to learn about for improved productiveness and troubleshooting.
Important Terminal Instructions for Chromebooks
We’ll clarify all these in additional element, however right here’s the TL;DR model:
- Open Crosh: Ctrl + Alt + T
- Ping: ping [domain]
- Check reminiscence: memory_test
- Change mouse settings: xset m
- Change keyboard settings: inputcontrol
- Configure modem: modem assist
- Rollback Chrome OS: rollback
- Cease a course of in Crosh: Ctrl + C
- Open Process Supervisor: high
- Battery Supervisor: battery_test [seconds]
- Developer Mode instructions: shell, systrace, packet_capture
- Customers and uptime: uptime
- Time settings: set_time
- Community diagnostics: network_diag
- Document audio: report [seconds]
- Community hint: tracepath
- Assist: assist, help_advanced
- Exit Crosh: exit
1. Open Crosh
You received’t get far should you don’t know how one can launch the app.
You received’t discover the Chrome OS Developer Shell within the common listing of apps in your Chromebook’s app tray. As a substitute, it’s essential to press Ctrl + Alt + T to open the terminal window and get began.
Be aware: You don’t have to have your Chromebook’s Developer Mode enabled to entry Crosh.
2. Run a Ping Check
Kind ping [domain] to run a ping take a look at in your Chromebook.
In case you don’t know, ping assessments are an important instrument should you’re making an attempt to diagnose community points. It’ll let you know the way shortly visitors is touring between your laptop and an internet server. It’ll additionally inform you if there are any dropped packets.
three. Check Your Reminiscence
Though you possibly can see details about your Chromebook’s reminiscence utilizing third-party plugins (learn our article about how one can verify your Chromebook’s specs to study extra), it won’t be sufficient for some customers. In order for you a extra detailed degree of knowledge, use Crosh. Simply kind memory_test and hit Enter.
four. Change Your Mouse’s Acceleration Fee
You possibly can handle your mouse’s fundamental velocity utilizing the Settings menu on Chrome OS. Head to Settings > Machine > Mouse and Touchpad > Mouse > Mouse Velocity to make modifications.
Nevertheless, if you would like a extra granular degree of management, it’s essential to head into Crosh. In case you kind xset m, you possibly can change how shortly your mouse accelerates when it begins transferring.
5. Change Keyboard Repeat Fee
In an analogous vein, you can too change how shortly a letter repeats itself on the display screen whenever you maintain down a single button in your keyboard.
Kind xset r and observe the on-screen directions to get began.
Be aware: The xset instructions won’t work on newer machines. In the event that they don’t be just right for you, strive inputcontrol as an alternative.
6. Configure Your Modem
One other vital a part of how one can troubleshoot your community is making certain that your modem is configured accurately.
In case you kind modem assist within the Chromebook’s terminal, you’re going to get entry to a spread of choices, together with settings to activate your modem, join your modem, change the modem’s firmware, manufacturing unit reset your modem, and extra.
7. Reinstall an Earlier Model of Chrome OS
If a latest Chrome OS replace has precipitated havoc along with your laptop, you possibly can simply undo the modifications and return to a earlier model of the working system.
The command you want is rollback.
eight. Cease Any Course of in Crosh
If you wish to halt any background course of (equivalent to a ping take a look at) in Crosh, simply press Ctrl + C.
9. A Higher Process Supervisor
Only a few individuals know that Chrome OS (and the Chrome browser on different working techniques) has its personal activity supervisor. It reveals you what processes are consuming by your CPU and reminiscence. You could find it by opening Chrome and going to Extra (three vertical dots) Extra Instruments > Process Supervisor.
Nevertheless, even fewer individuals know that Chrome OS has a secondary activity supervisor hidden in Crosh. You need to use it to study low-level processes that don’t present up in the primary activity supervisor app.
Kind high to get began.
10. Battery Administration
Once more, you possibly can see headline battery knowledge merely by trying within the backside right-hand nook of your Chromebook’s display screen.
Nevertheless, if you would like extra data, kind battery_test [seconds] into Crosh (exchange [seconds] with a quantity, for instance, battery_test 10).
Crosh will present you exactly how a lot battery energy your machine used within the given timeframe, in addition to suggestions in your remaining battery time and your battery’s total well being.
11. Developer Mode Instructions
Though you don’t have to be a developer to make use of Crosh, should you do have Developer Mode turned on, you should have three new instructions obtainable to you:
- shell: Opens a full bash shell.
- systrace: Begins a system hint.
- packet_capture: Captures and logs knowledge packets.
12. Customers and Uptime
When was the final time you turned off your Chromebook? In case you’re something like me, you’ll go days—and even weeks—between reboots.
To see how lengthy your laptop has been operating for since its final shutdown, kind uptime. The outcomes can even present details about the customers who’re at the moment logged in.
13. Change the Time
Do you’ve issues along with your machine’s show time? Maybe you reside on a border between time zones, or a have an web reference to an IP deal with that steadily strikes.
Enter set_time into Crosh, and you’ll override the working system’s graphical interface time settings.
14. Extra Community Diagnostics
In case you’ve run a ping take a look at and tried configuring your modem however you’re nonetheless encountering points, you possibly can kind network_diag to run much more assessments in your community.
The output is saved as a TXT file in your Chromebook’s Recordsdata app.
15. Document Audio
Chromebooks don’t include a local audio recording instrument. In fact, there are many apps within the Chrome Net Retailer that present the performance, however they’re pointless.
In Crosh, kind sound report [seconds] (once more, changing [seconds] with a quantity) to report that quantity of audio by your machine’s microphone.
Kind sound_play to take heed to what you captured or discover the newly created audio file within the Recordsdata app.
16. Hint the Community
The ultimate Crosh networking command on our listing, tracepath enables you to route your laptop’s knowledge packets take throughout a community.
If we’ve not coated the command you want, kind assist or help_advanced to see a full listing of all of the Crosh instructions which can be obtainable to you.
18. Exit Crosh
Once you’ve completed exploring, kind exit and Crosh will give up.
It’s so simple as that.
Make Backups Earlier than You Start
It goes with out saying that should you change settings within the Chrome OS Developer Shell with out understanding what you’re doing, you may render your system unusable.
Fortunately, Chromebooks are remarkably straightforward to revive, however you’d lose any locally-saved knowledge. As such, be sure you create backups earlier than you do an excessive amount of poking round.
Be taught Extra About Utilizing a Chromebook
If the Crosh instructions we have now mentioned are past your degree of technical experience, don’t fear.
In search of extra Chromebook assist? Right here’s how one can arrange a VPN on a Chromebook and how one can use a Chromebook’s accessibility instruments.
Learn the complete article: 18 Terminal Instructions All Chromebook Customers Ought to Know